1. (noun) A story describing a worldview or the origin of natural, cultural, or social phenomena typically involving historical events, morality lessons, and supernatural beings.

Example: Creations myths.

2. (noun) A false belief or half-truth that intentionally or unintentionally perpetuates norms or misinformation.

Example: Shaving makes a beard grow faster or according to some scholars: meritocracy.

Example: (myth)

Audio Pronunciation: (myth)

Download Audio Pronunciation: myth.mp3

Usage Notes:

  • Plural: myths

Related Quotations:

  • “[A]lthough true equality of opportunity is probably not possible, the myth of meritocracy in America is itself harmful because its legitimation of inequalities of power and privilege rests on claims that are demonstrably false” (McNamee and Miller 2013:19).

Related Terms: 



McNamee, Stephen J., and Robert K. Miller. 2013. The Meritocracy Myth. 3rd. ed. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.