myth

1. (noun) A story describing a worldview or the origin of natural, cultural, or social phenomena typically involving historical events, morality lessons, and supernatural beings.

Example: Creations myths.

2. (noun) A false belief or half-truth that intentionally or unintentionally perpetuates norms or misinformation.

Example: Shaving makes a beard grow faster or according to some scholars: meritocracy.

Example: (myth)

Audio Pronunciation: (myth)

Download Audio Pronunciation: myth.mp3

Usage Notes:

  • Plural: myths

Related Quotation:

  • “[A]lthough true equality of opportunity is probably not possible, the myth of meritocracy in America is itself harmful because its legitimation of inequalities of power and privilege rests on claims that are demonstrably false” (McNamee and Miller 2013:19).

Related Terms: 

 


References

McNamee, Stephen J., and Robert K. Miller. 2013. The Meritocracy Myth. 3rd. ed. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

 

Works Consulted

Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 5th ed. 2011. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Bruce, Steve, and Steven Yearley. 2006. The SAGE Dictionary of Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Collins English Dictionary: Complete and Unabridged. 6th ed. 2003. Glasgow, Scotland: Collins.

Farlex. (N.d.) TheFreeDictionary.com: Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus. Farlex. (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/).

Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. 1997. New York: Random House.

Scott, John, and Gordon Marshall. 2005. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).

 

How to Cite the Definition of Myth

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “myth.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved December 16, 2018 (https://sociologydictionary.org/myth/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

myth. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/myth/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “myth.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed December 16, 2018. https://sociologydictionary.org/myth/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“myth.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 16 Dec. 2018. <https://sociologydictionary.org/myth/>.