(noun) Umbrella term used to describe various groups from diverse backgrounds, cultures and societies who are stigmatized, voiceless or underrepresented.
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- Plural: Fourth Worlds
- Term coined by Mbuto Milando and used in George Manuel’s work The Fourth World: An Indian Reality (1974).
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OpenStax College. 2014. Introduction to Sociology. OpenStax CNX.
Note: OpenStax College’s Introduction to Sociology is part of series of textbooks developed by Rice University and released under a Creative Commons License. Other textbooks include Principles of Economics, Psychology, and Introductory Statistics.
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How to Cite the Definition of Fourth World
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “Fourth World.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved January 23, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/fourth-world/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
Fourth World. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/fourth-world/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “Fourth World.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed January 23, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/fourth-world/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“Fourth World.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 23 Jan. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/fourth-world/>.