Fourth World

(noun) Umbrella term used to describe various groups from diverse backgrounds, cultures and societies who are stigmatized, voiceless or underrepresented.

Audio Pronunciation: (Fourth World)

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Usage Notes:

  • Plural: Fourth Worlds
  • Term coined by Mbuto Milando and used in George Manuel’s work The Fourth World: An Indian Reality (1974).

Related Terms: 

 


Works Consulted

Griffiths, Heather, Nathan Keirns, Eric Strayer, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, Sally Vyain, Jeff Bry, Faye Jones. 2016. Introduction to Sociology 2e. Houston, TX: OpenStax.

Jary, David, and Julia Jary. 2000. Collins Dictionary of Sociology. 3rd ed. Glasgow, Scotland: HarperCollins.

Kendall, Diane. 2011. Sociology in Our Times. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).

Marsh, Ian, and Mike Keating, eds. 2006. Sociology: Making Sense of Society. 3rd ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).

OpenStax College. 2014. Introduction to Sociology. OpenStax CNX.

Note: OpenStax College’s Introduction to Sociology is part of series of textbooks developed by Rice University and released under a Creative Commons License. Other textbooks include Principles of Economics, Psychology, and Introductory Statistics.

Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).

 

How to Cite the Definition of Fourth World

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “Fourth World.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved December 18, 2018 (https://sociologydictionary.org/fourth-world/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

Fourth World. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/fourth-world/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “Fourth World.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed December 18, 2018. https://sociologydictionary.org/fourth-world/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“Fourth World.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 18 Dec. 2018. <https://sociologydictionary.org/fourth-world/>.