(noun) Umbrella term used to describe various groups from diverse backgrounds, cultures and societies who are stigmatized, voiceless or underrepresented.
Audio Pronunciation: (Fourth World)
Download Audio Pronunciation: Fourth World.mp3
- Plural: Fourth Worlds
- Term coined by Mbuto Milando and used in George Manuel’s work The Fourth World: An Indian Reality (1974).
Griffiths, Heather, Nathan Keirns, Eric Strayer, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, Sally Vyain, Jeff Bry, Faye Jones. 2016. Introduction to Sociology 2e. Houston, TX: OpenStax.
Jary, David, and Julia Jary. 2000. Collins Dictionary of Sociology. 3rd ed. Glasgow, Scotland: HarperCollins.
Kendall, Diane. 2011. Sociology in Our Times. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).
Marsh, Ian, and Mike Keating, eds. 2006. Sociology: Making Sense of Society. 3rd ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
OpenStax College. 2014. Introduction to Sociology. OpenStax CNX.
Note: OpenStax College’s Introduction to Sociology is part of series of textbooks developed by Rice University and released under a Creative Commons License. Other textbooks include Principles of Economics, Psychology, and Introductory Statistics.
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
How to Cite the Definition of Fourth World
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “Fourth World.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved May 19, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/fourth-world/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
Fourth World. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/fourth-world/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “Fourth World.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed May 19, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/fourth-world/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“Fourth World.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 19 May. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/fourth-world/>.