(noun) “A prediction that, by being voiced, causes itself to come true” (Wiktionary n.d.).
Example: A student who understands the material but believes he or she will fail the test and therefore does.
Audio Pronunciation: (self-ful·fill·ing pro·phe·cy)
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- Plural: self-fulfilling prophecies
- Theorized by Robert Merton (1910–2003) in Social Theory and Social Structure (1949, revised in 1957 and 1968).
- Also called self-defeating prophecy.
- Merton, Robert King. 1968. Social Theory and Social Structure. New York: Free Press.
Wiktionary. n.d. “self-fulfilling prophecy.” Retrieved October 21, 2013 (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/self-fulfilling_prophecy).