(noun) A distinctive culture shared by a small group that is often based on location or within an organization.
- The microculture within a community center, restaurant, school, sports team, student organization.
- British horse-racing enthusiasts as studied by Kate Fox in The Racing Tribe (2002). Fox identified unique codes of conduct, customs, etiquette, hierarchies, language, and rituals.
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- Plural: microcultures
- Not to be confused with subculture, through the terms are similar and often used interchangeably. A microculture has a unique identity within and as part of the dominate culture, but a subculture is contrasted to the dominate culture and separated from it.
- Microcultures often have a specialized language called an argot.
- Variant forms:
- micro culture
- “Members of a microculture will usually share much of what they know with everyone in the greater society but will possess a special cultural knowledge that is unique to the subculture” (Spradley and McCurdy 2008:3).
- Wulff, Helena. 1988. Twenty Girls: Growing Up, Ethnicity and Excitement in a South London Microculture. Stockholm: University of Stockholm.
Spradley, James P., and David W. McCurdy. 2008. Conformity and Conflict: Readings in Cultural Anthropology. Boston: Pearson Education.
Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 5th ed. 2011. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).
How to Cite the Definition of Microculture
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “microculture.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved December 16, 2018 (https://sociologydictionary.org/microculture/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
microculture. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/microculture/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “microculture.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed December 16, 2018. https://sociologydictionary.org/microculture/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“microculture.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 16 Dec. 2018. <https://sociologydictionary.org/microculture/>.