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zero population growth (ZPG)

Definitions of Zero Population Growth

  1. (noun) When birth rates equal death rates either locally or globally.
  2. (noun) When the amount of individuals entering a given population through birth or immigration are the same amount leaving the population through death or emigration.

Zero Population Growth Pronunciation

  • Syllabification: (ze·ro pop·u·la·tion growth)

Usage Notes

  • Plural: zero population growths
  • Abbreviation: ZPG
  • Some definitions of zero population growth only consider a balance of death rates to birth rates, but not emigration or immigration.
  • Also called:
    • population equilibrium
    • replacement level fertility

Additional Information

Related Terms


Works Consulted

Andersen, Margaret L., and Howard Francis Taylor. 2011. Sociology: The Essentials. 6th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Brinkerhoff, David, Lynn White, Suzanne Ortega, and Rose Weitz. 2011. Essentials of Sociology. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Griffiths, Heather, Nathan Keirns, Eric Strayer, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, Sally Vyain, Jeff Bry, Faye Jones. 2016. Introduction to Sociology 2e. Houston, TX: OpenStax.

Henslin, James M. 2012. Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Hughes, Michael, and Carolyn J. Kroehler. 2011. Sociology: The Core. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Kendall, Diane. 2011. Sociology in Our Times. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Kimmel, Michael S., and Amy Aronson. 2012. Sociology Now. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Macionis, John. 2012. Sociology. 14th ed. Boston: Pearson.

Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Shepard, Jon M. 2010. Sociology. 11th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Shepard, Jon M., and Robert W. Greene. 2003. Sociology and You. New York: Glencoe.

Thompson, William E., and Joseph V. Hickey. 2012. Society in Focus: An Introduction to Sociology. 7th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Cite the Definition of Zero Population Growth

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “zero population growth.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved October 16, 2019 (https://sociologydictionary.org/zero-population-growth/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

zero population growth. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/zero-population-growth/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “zero population growth.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed October 16, 2019. https://sociologydictionary.org/zero-population-growth/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“zero population growth.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 16 Oct. 2019. <https://sociologydictionary.org/zero-population-growth/>.