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self-fulfilling prophecy

(noun) An expectation that leads to actions or behaviors causing the expectation to become a reality.

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self-redress

(noun) Any action taken by a wronged individual or group to settle a dispute with another individual or group outside of the legal system.

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self-report study

(noun) A study in which participants, rather than researchers, record answers.

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semantics

(noun) The study of the meaning of words.

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semi-peripheral nations

(noun) In world systems theory, nations that are not powerful enough to dictate economic and political policy but are sources of raw materials and an expanding middle-class marketplace which exploits peripheral nations, and is exploited by core nations.

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senescence

(noun) The act or process of aging such as the biological and social effects of growing older.

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separation

(noun) A temporary break in a marriage that may or may not lead to a divorce.

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serial monogamy

(noun) Having only one monogamous relationship at a time, but multiple partners throughout a lifetime due to death, divorce, or choice.

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service (services)

(noun) Action or work by an individual or group that is bought, sold, or traded to satisfy the needs or wants of another individual or group.

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sex

(noun) A biological categorization based on characteristics that distinguish between female and male based on primary sex characteristics present at birth.

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sex ratio

(noun) The number of males compared to the number of females in a population.

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sexism

(noun) Discrimination or prejudice against an individual or group based on the idea that one sex or gender is better than the others.

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sexual identity

(noun) A broad term, referring to an individual’s perception of themselves in sexual matters.

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sexual minority

(noun) An individual or group whose sexual identity differs from the social or cultural majority.

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sexuality

1. (noun) A broad term, encompassing an individual’s sexual interests and behaviors, involving biological, cultural, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects; 2. (noun) The experience and expression of people as sexual beings.

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shaman

(noun) A religious specialist with direct access and influence over supernatural power that typically uses magic or sorcery for controlling the environment, divination or healing purposes.

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sibling

1. (noun) A brother or sister; 2. (noun) Any individual in a sib.

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sick role

(noun) The expected patterns of behavior attached to individuals who are sick and those that take care of them.