(noun) A large city, including exurbs and suburbs, that has distinct administrative and cultural districts.
(noun) A distinctive culture shared by a small group that is often based on location or within an organization.
(noun) Small-scale sociological analysis that studies the behavior of people in face-to-face social interactions and small groups to understand what they do, say, and think.
(noun) The movement of people from one geographic area (e.g., country, food source) to another, typically referring to moving across political boundaries.
(noun) A definable category of people who share an identity or status and are subject to prejudice, discrimination, and oppression.
(noun) A crime considered less serious than a felony and typically punishable by a small fine or brief period of imprisonment.
(noun) “[A] forgotten [part] of the [United States’] labor force—too prosperous to be the ‘working poor,’ too insecure to be ‘middle income'” (Newman and Chen 2008:2).
(noun) An economic system in which goods and services are produced, distributed, and exchanged by the forces of price, supply, and demand with partial control by a central authority such as a government.
(noun) An individual’s or group’s (e.g., family) movement through the class hierarchy due to changes in income, occupation, or wealth.
(noun) According to Karl Marx (1818–1883), a combination of the means of production and relations of production.
(noun) A stereotypical view of an ethnic, racial, or religious minority group that is assumed to have achieved a high level of educational, economical, and professional success.
(noun) The process of increasing the specialization and differentiation of social structures.
(noun) One of two descent groups in a tribe or society.
(noun) The condition or practice of a female having only one husband at a time.
1. (noun) A government ruled by a typically hereditary head of state either as a figurehead or absolute leader; 2. (noun) A State ruled by a monarch; 3. (noun) A monarch and the royal family.
(noun) An object agreed to have value and exchangeable as payment.
(noun) A type of marriage or sexual relationship involving a singular, permanent partner.
(noun) A religion based on beliefs about a single deity.
(noun) Referring to a number of psychological illnesses that affect mood.
(noun) An informal meeting held by a community to hear and settle a dispute.