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emergent norm theory

(noun)  A theory of crowds which posits that crowd participants develop standards among themselves as to group function, goals, and operation, which then guide their behavior

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emigration

(noun) The movement (migration) of people out of an area.

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émigré

(noun) An emigrant that leaves their homeland to immigrate to another, particularly due to political exile.

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Émile Durkheim (1858–1917)

David Émile Durkheim (1858–1917), a French sociologist that formally established the academic discipline of sociology with his work Rules of the Sociological Method (1895). After setting up the first European department of sociology at the University of Bordeaux, he became France’s first professor of sociology.

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empty nest

(noun) A home or a family in which only a parent or parents remain after the children grow up and leave.

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enculturation

1. (noun) The gradual process of an individual or group learning and adapting to the norms and values of a culture (or subculture) in which they are immersed (e.g., learning a new language or clothing style); 2. (noun) Learning how to become a member of society or culture.

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endemic disease

(noun) A disease that is consistently present in people in a specific location or class position.

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endogamy

(noun) The practice of marrying inside a specific group.

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environment

1. (noun) The natural world (i.e., animals, plants, and weather); 2. (noun) Referring to a specific location such as a classroom or workplace.

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environmental racism

(noun) A type of racism perpetrated by the disproportionate location of environmental hazards near economically and socially disadvantaged areas.

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environmental sociology

(noun) The subfield of sociology that studies the relationship between the environment and humans.

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environmentalism

(noun) The social movement that seeks to protect, improve, or preserve the natural environment.

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epidemiology

(noun) The study of disease and health, and their causes and distribution.

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epistemology

(noun) The philosophic study and theory of knowledge.

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essentialism

(noun) The theory that any entity such as an individual, group, object, or concept has innate and universal qualities.

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estate

(noun) A segment of a social hierarchy with legal rights and obligations.

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estate system

(noun) A stratified system consisting of the clergy, nobility, and commoners; with interlocking legal rights and obligations.

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ethnic cleansing

(noun) A type of expulsion, in which an ethnic or religious group is forced to leave an area by another ethnic or religious group, in order to create a “pure” and homogenized area.