(noun) The child of an individual’s aunt or uncle.
(noun) A marriage in which people legally agree to obtain counseling and accept limited grounds for divorce before wedding.
(noun) The tendency to require ever-increasing, often unnecessary, levels of education or qualifications (e.g., certificates, degrees, and diplomas) for a specific job.
(noun) A society that views credentials (e.g., certificates, degrees, and diplomas) as essential for employment in certain jobs, serving as evidence of the ability to perform specialized tasks.
1. (noun) The insistence and overemphasis on academic or educational qualifications (e.g., certificates, degrees, and diplomas) as evidence of an individual’s qualification in hiring people for a job and for promotion; 2. (noun) The assumption of social superiority and inferiority based on educational attainment, serving as an indicator of status and class advantage.
(noun) An act that violates a law and is punishable by an authority through formal sanctions.
(noun) A collection of institutions taken together (police, judiciary, corrections), which create and enforce law.
(noun) The study of the causes and control of criminal behavior in society.
(noun) A theory contending things are real if they produce effects.
(noun) The tendency to favor close friends and associates over more qualified applicants for employment, promotions, or in business deals.
(noun) The kinship between the children of a brother and sister.
(noun) The analysis of data collected from a single moment in time.
(noun) Data gathered at a specific moment or a “snap shot” in time.
(noun) A temporary collection of people in close proximity to each other, that interact and influence each other, while sharing an immediate common interest or goal.
1. (noun) A relatively small group that excessively controls its members, whom share set of acts and practices which require unwavering devotion, and are considered deviant (outside the norms of society), and typically led by a charismatic and often self-appointed leader; 2. (noun) A individual, group, or object with a relatively small, but devoted fan-base and supporters.
(adjective) Polished and refined in education, manners, and taste.
(noun) The distinctions that develop between individuals and groups due to differences in access to education, family background, occupation, and wealth, giving them advantages and serving as a signifier of an individual’s status within a group or society.
(noun) The occurrence of two or more cultures coming into contact with each through conquest, immigration, mass media, trade, or travel.
(noun) The transmission of cultural aspects (e.g., art, language, norms) from one location to another.
(noun) The study of how groups of people interact with and adapt to their environment.