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collective behavior

(noun) The voluntary, relatively spontaneous short-term response to an emerging situation by a large group of people that often violates norms and values.

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coming out

(verb) The social, psychological, or political process and act of recognizing and acknowledging a sexual or gender identity within oneself and disclosing this to others.

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command economy

(noun) An economic system in which most goods and services are primarily produced, distributed, and exchanged through a central authority such as a government and not subject to the laws of supply and demand.

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commodification

(noun) The act or process of changing of something into a commodity that can be bought and sold.

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commodity

(noun) Anything that people find, grow, or make that is then bought, sold, or traded and then typically made into a good to satisfy wants or needs.

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common

1. (adjective) Occurring frequently; usual; widespread; 2. (adjective) Shared; jointly owned.

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common-law marriage

(noun) Legally, a marriage established by the duration of cohabitation, not a civil or religious ceremony.

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communism

(noun) An economic system based on the collective ownership of property and the means of production and a classless society.

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comparable worth

(noun) Paying women the same as men to complete different but equally demanding work based on the education and experience required to do them and the level of responsibility and stress related to them.

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concentric zone model

(noun) An urban development model based on human ecology theory that views cities as a series of five circular rings or zones, originating with a central business district (CBD).

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confidentiality

1. (noun) A research protocol in which only a researcher can identify a respondent but protects their identity; 2. (noun) The quality of being confidential or held in secrecy.

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conflict theory (social conflict theory)

(noun) A theory that emphasizes the role of coercion, conflict, and power in society and that social inequality will inevitably occur because of differing interests and values between groups, particularly the competition for scarce resources.

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conformity

(noun) Adherence to accepted behaviors, norms, standards, and values; acting as expected; maintaining the status quo.

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Confucianism

(noun) The ethical and philosophical system based on the teachings of Confucius (551–479 BCE), a Chinese philosopher, who emphasized devotion to family (including ancestor worship); education; love for humanity; and morality.

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conglomerate

(noun) A large group of businesses from unrelated and diverse industries, owned by a single corporation, that provide a variety of goods and services.

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conjugal family

(noun) A family consisting of a married couple and typically their children through birth or adoption.

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conjugal role

(noun) The roles occupied by a husband and wife resulting from the division of labor in a household.

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consanguinity

(noun) Literally, related by blood; a type of kinship involving descent from a common biological ancestor.