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amalgamation

(noun) The act or process through which a dominant group combine with a subordinate group to form a new group.

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ambilineal descent

(noun) Tracing an individual’s descent either through the father or mother as chosen by the individual.

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American Dream

(noun) In the United States of America, the notion that through determination and hard work, anyone can achieve success.

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analysis

(noun) The process of separating a whole into its parts for discussion, interpretation, or study.

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ancestor

(noun) An individual from whom you are descended.

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androcentrism

(noun) The tendency to place the male or masculine viewpoint and experience at the center of a society or culture.

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androcracy

1. (noun) Authority, government, or rule by men; 2. (noun) Any society or culture that is controlled by men.

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androgyny

(noun) Combining masculine and feminine characteristics in regards to appearance, gender identity or sexual identity.

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animatism

(noun) The belief that all things (objects) animate and inanimate are endowed with an impersonal, supernatural life force that influences people and events.

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animism

(noun) The belief that all things animate and inanimate have an individual soul or are inhabited by a spirit.

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anomie

1. (noun) Normlessness or social instability caused by the erosion or absence of morals, norms, standards, and values in a society; 2. (noun) A personal state of alienation, anxiety, and purposelessness caused by social instability.

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anonymity

(noun) A research protocol in which neither the researcher or the reader of the findings can identify a respondent based on their responses; the state of being anonymous.

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anthropology

(noun) The study of humankind in all places and times.

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anticipatory socialization

(noun) The process of preparing for future roles and statuses by learning and adopting new behaviors, norms, skills, and values.

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antipositivism

(noun) The view that subjectivity rather than objectivity is required to understand society.

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applied sociology

(noun) Any use of sociological methods and theories to provide solutions to problems or make decisions.

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argot

(noun) A characteristic and specialized language used by a group, particularly a subculture.

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arranged marriage

(noun) A marriage between two or more people planned by another individual or group.

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asceticism

(noun) The doctrine that a highly spiritual state can be achieved by hard work, sobriety, and the renunciation of worldly pleasures.