(noun) A crime that is against the law but that only harms the individuals who consented to engage in it.
Example: Gambling, prostitution, and recreational drug use are typically discussed a possible victimless crimes.
Audio Pronunciation: (vic·tim·less crime)
Download Audio Pronunciation: victimless crime.mp3
- Plural: victimless crimes
- Term popularized by Edwin Schur in the Crimes Without Victims: Deviant Behavior and Public Policy: Abortion, Homosexuality, Drug Addictions (1965).
- The “victim” in a victimless crime is not a person but a given society and its beliefs, norms, and values.
- Victimless crimes are studied in criminology.
- Vice crimes are often victimless crimes.
- A type of crime.
- Davies, Pamela, Peter Francis, and Chris Greer. 2007. Victims, Crime and Society. Los Angeles: SAGE.
- Schur, Edwin M., and Hugo Adam Bedau. 1974. Victimless Crimes: Two Sides of a Controversy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Andersen, Margaret L., and Howard Francis Taylor. 2011. Sociology: The Essentials. 6th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Briggs, Steven M., and Joan Friedman. 2009. Criminology For Dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Brinkerhoff, David, Lynn White, Suzanne Ortega, and Rose Weitz. 2011. Essentials of Sociology. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Brym, Robert J., and John Lie. 2007. Sociology: Your Compass for a New World. 3rd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Collins English Dictionary: Complete and Unabridged. 6th ed. 2003. Glasgow, Scotland: Collins.
Griffiths, Heather, Nathan Keirns, Eric Strayer, Susan Cody-Rydzewski, Gail Scaramuzzo, Tommy Sadler, Sally Vyain, Jeff Bry, Faye Jones. 2016. Introduction to Sociology 2e. Houston, TX: OpenStax.
Hughes, Michael, and Carolyn J. Kroehler. 2011. Sociology: The Core. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Kendall, Diane. 2011. Sociology in Our Times. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Macionis, John. 2012. Sociology. 14th ed. Boston: Pearson.
Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. 1997. New York: Random House.
Schaefer, Richard. 2013. Sociology: A Brief Introduction. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Siegel, Larry J., and Clemens Bartollas. 2011. Corrections Today. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Siegel, Larry J., and John L. Worrall. 2012. Introduction to Criminal Justice. 13th ed. Belmont: CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Siegel, Larry J., and John L. Worrall. 2013. Essentials of Criminal Justice. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Taylor & Francis. (N.d.) Routledge Handbooks Online. (https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/).
Tischler, Henry L. 2011. Introduction to Sociology. 10th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).
Wiley. (N.d.) Wiley Online Library. (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/).
How to Cite the Definition of Victimless Crime
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “victimless crime.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved December 16, 2018 (https://sociologydictionary.org/victimless-crime/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
victimless crime. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/victimless-crime/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “victimless crime.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed December 16, 2018. https://sociologydictionary.org/victimless-crime/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“victimless crime.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 16 Dec. 2018. <https://sociologydictionary.org/victimless-crime/>.