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second shift

Definition of Second Shift

(noun) Household duties that follow a paid work day, typically completed by women.

Etymology of Second Shift

Second Shift Pronunciation

Pronunciation Usage Guide

Syllabification: sec·ond shift

Audio Pronunciation

– American English
– British English

Phonetic Spelling

  • American English – /sEk-uhnd shIft/
  • British English – /sE-kuhnd shIft/

International Phonetic Alphabet

  • American English – /ˈsɛkənd ʃɪft/
  • British English – /ˈsɛkənd ʃɪft/

Usage Notes

Related Quotation

  • “These extra duties off the job may affect performance on the job. Despite the image of the “24/7” woman who can have it all and do it all, the reality is that any person has only a finite amount of time, energy, and attention available. To the extent that women carry these additional burdens more than men, they are at a collective nonmerit disadvantage in the labor force competing with men” (McNamee and Miller 2013:198).

Additional Information

Related Terms


McNamee, Stephen J., and Robert K. Miller, Jr. 2013. The Meritocracy Myth. 3rd ed. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Works Consulted

Ferris, Kerry, and Jill Stein. 2010. The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology. 2nd ed. New York: Norton.

Kendall, Diana. 2011. Sociology in Our Times. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Kimmel, Michael S., and Amy Aronson. 2012. Sociology Now. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Kornblum, William. 2008. Sociology in a Changing World. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Macionis, John, and Kenneth Plummer. 2012. Sociology: A Global Introduction. 4th ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Ravelli, Bruce, and Michelle Webber. 2016. Exploring Sociology: A Canadian Perspective. 3rd ed. Toronto: Pearson.

Schaefer, Richard. 2013. Sociology: A Brief Introduction. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Cite the Definition of Second Shift

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “second shift.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved April 22, 2024 (https://sociologydictionary.org/second-shift/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

second shift. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/second-shift/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “second shift.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed April 22, 2024. https://sociologydictionary.org/second-shift/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“second shift.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2024. <https://sociologydictionary.org/second-shift/>.