Definition of Scientific Racism
Example of Scientific Racism
- The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life by Richard Herrnstien (1930–1994) and Charles Murray (born 1943) is perhaps the most famous work of scientific racism.
- After publication, there was swift action both defending and refuting the book, many are listed below in the Additional Information section.
Scientific Racism Pronunciation
Syllabification: sci·en·tif·ic rac·ism
- American English – /sie-uhn-tIf-ik rAY-siz-uhm/
- British English – /sie-uhn-tIf-ik rAY-si-zuhm/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /ˌsaɪənˈtɪfɪk ˈreɪˌsɪzəm/
- British English – /ˌsaɪənˈtɪfɪk ˈreɪsɪzm/
- Plural: scientific racisms
- Word origin of “scientific” and “racism” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Barkan, Elazar. 1992. The Retreat of Scientific Racism: Changing Concepts of Race in Britain and the United States between the World Wars. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Blanchard, Pascal. 2008. Human Zoos: Science and Spectacle in the Age of Colonial Empires. Liverpool, United Kingdom: Liverpool University Press.
- Cashmore, Ernest, and James Jennings, eds. 2001. Racism: Essential Readings. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
- Chase, Allan. 1977. The Legacy of Malthus: The Social Costs of the New Scientific Racism. New York: Knopf.
- Devlin, Bernie, Stephen E. Fienberg, Daniel P. Resnick, and Kathryn Roeder, eds. 1997. Intelligence, Genes, and Success: Scientists Respond to The Bell Curve. New York: Springer.
- Fraser, Steve, ed. 1995. The Bell Curve Wars: Race, Intelligence, and the Future of America. New York: Basic Books.
- Graves, Joseph L., Jr. 2001. The Emperor’s New Clothes: Biological Theories of Race at the Millennium. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
- Kincheloe, Joe L., Shirley R. Steinberg, and Aaron David Gresson. 1996. Measured Lies: The Bell Curve Examined. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
- Kühl, Stefan. 1994. The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism. New York: Oxford University Press.
- McNamee, Stephen J., and Robert K. Miller, Jr. 2013. The Meritocracy Myth. 3rd ed. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
- Rattansi, Ali. 2007. Racism: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Tucker, William H. 2002. The Funding of Scientific Racism: Wickliffe Draper and the Pioneer Fund. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “scientific racism.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved September 27, 2022 (https://sociologydictionary.org/scientific-racism/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
scientific racism. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/scientific-racism/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “scientific racism.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed September 27, 2022. https://sociologydictionary.org/scientific-racism/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“scientific racism.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 27 Sep. 2022. <https://sociologydictionary.org/scientific-racism/>.