(noun) The study of physical space as part of nonverbal communication in different situations.
Audio Pronunciation: (prox·e·mics)
Download Audio Pronunciation: proxemics.mp3
- Edward Hall (1914–2009) developed the concept of proxemics and tacit culture. Hall studied the distances between people during conversations and categorized four distinct distances: intimate, personal, social, and public.
- Hall, Edward T. 1959. The Silent Language. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
- Hall, Edward T. 1976. Beyond Culture. New York: Doubleday.
- Weisler, Steven, and Slavoljub P. Milekic. 1999. Theory of Language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Edward T. Hall – Official Website: edwardthall.com
Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 5th ed. 2011. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Bruce, Steve, and Steven Yearley. 2006. The SAGE Dictionary of Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Collins English Dictionary: Complete and Unabridged. 6th ed. 2003. Glasgow, Scotland: Collins.
Farlex. (N.d.) TheFreeDictionary.com: Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus. Farlex. (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/).
Hughes, Michael, and Carolyn J. Kroehler. 2011. Sociology: The Core. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Jary, David, and Julia Jary. 2000. Collins Dictionary of Sociology. 3rd ed. Glasgow, Scotland: HarperCollins.
Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Princeton University. 2010. WordNet. (https://wordnet.princeton.edu/).
Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. 1997. New York: Random House.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).
How to Cite the Definition of Proxemics
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “proxemics.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved July 18, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/proxemics/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
proxemics. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/proxemics/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “proxemics.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed July 18, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/proxemics/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“proxemics.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 18 Jul. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/proxemics/>.