Definitions of Phonology
- (noun) The study of speech sounds in language.
- (noun) The formal rules for structuring speech sounds.
- American English – /fuh-nAHl-uh-jee/
- British English – /fuh-nOl-uh-jee/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /fəˈnɑlədʒi/
- British English – /fəˈnɒlədʒi/
- Plural: phonologies
- Phonology focuses on the distribution and patterns of speech sounds or phonemes in addition to the rules of pronunciation that govern speech sounds.
- Also called phonemics.
- A linguist or specialized (noun) phonologist studies phonology to understand (adjective) phonologic or (adjective) phonological aspects of language.
- Sociolinguistics Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “phonology” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Carr, Philip, and Jean-Pierre Montreuil. 2013. Phonology. 2nd ed. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Gussmann, Edmund. 2002. Phonology: Analysis and Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Phonology –Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia: wikipedia.org
- UC Berkeley Phonology Lab – phonetics and phonology: linguistics.berkeley.edu
- What is Phonology?: hum.uchicago.edu
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “phonology.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved October 20, 2021 (https://sociologydictionary.org/phonology/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
phonology. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/phonology/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “phonology.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed October 20, 2021. https://sociologydictionary.org/phonology/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“phonology.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 20 Oct. 2021. <https://sociologydictionary.org/phonology/>.