Definition of Phoneme
(noun) The smallest meaningful speech sound in a language.
Example of Phoneme
- The /k/ sound in cat or key.
- American English – /fOH-neem/
- British English – /fOH-neem/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /ˈfoʊˌnim/
- British English – /ˈfəʊniːm/
- Plural: phonemes
- Phoneme is compared and contrasted to morpheme.
- Linguists (adverb) phonemically study (adjective) phonemic or (adjective) phonematic parts of words.
- Sociolinguistics Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “phoneme” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “phoneme.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved October 1, 2020 (https://sociologydictionary.org/phoneme/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
phoneme. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/phoneme/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “phoneme.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed October 1, 2020. https://sociologydictionary.org/phoneme/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“phoneme.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 1 Oct. 2020. <https://sociologydictionary.org/phoneme/>.