Definitions of Patriarchy
- (noun) A society, system, or group in which men dominate women and have the power and authority.
- (noun) A group or family where the father or oldest male is the head of the family, with descent typically traced through the male.
- American English – /pAY-tree-ahr-kee/
- British English – /pAY-triah-kee/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /ˈpeɪtriˌɑrki/
- British English – /ˈpeɪtrɪɑːki/
- Plural: patriarchies
- In contrast to a patriarchy, a matriarchy is a society or group in which women dominate men and have the power and authority.
- Also called patriarchate.
- A (noun) patriarch or (noun) patriarchist heads a (adjective) patriarchic or (adjective) patriarchal society.
- “‘Hegemonic masculinity’ is always constructed in relation to various subordinated masculinities as well as in relation to women. The interplay between different forms of masculinity is an important part of how patriarchal social order works” (Connell 1987:183).
- “Patriarchy literally means ‘rule of the fathers‘ and comes from the Old Testament—all power was given to male elders. Today, its meaning is more general: male domination of all the major institutions of society including government, religion, education, the economy, the military and the media” (Kaufman and Kimmel 2011:112).
- “[T]he advantage to men as a group from maintaining an unequal gender order. Money income is not the only kind of benefit. Others are authority, respect, service, safety, housing, access to institutional power, emotional support, and control over one’s own life. The patriarchal dividend, of course, is reduced as overall gender equality grows” (Connell 2009:142).
- Family and Kinship Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Sex and Gender Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “patriarchy” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Bennett, Judith M. 2006. History Matters: Patriarchy and the Challenge of Feminism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
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- Daly, Mary. 1978. Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism. Boston: Beacon.
- Dragiewicz, Molly. 2008. “Patriarchy Reasserted: Fathers’ Rights and Anti-VAWA Activism.” Feminist Criminology 3(2):121–44. doi:10.1177/1557085108316731.
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- hooks, bell. 1981. Ain’t I a Woman? Black Women and Feminism. Boston: South End Press.
- Jain, Jasbir. 2005. Women in Patriarchy: Cross-cultural Readings. Jaipur: Rawat.
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- Walby, Sylvia. 1991. Theorizing Patriarchy. Oxford: Blackwell.
Connell, R. W. 1987. Gender and Power: Society, the Person, and Sexual Politics. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
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ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “patriarchy.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved August 4, 2021 (https://sociologydictionary.org/patriarchy/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
patriarchy. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/patriarchy/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “patriarchy.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed August 4, 2021. https://sociologydictionary.org/patriarchy/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“patriarchy.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 4 Aug. 2021. <https://sociologydictionary.org/patriarchy/>.