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Definitions of Methodology

  1. (noun) The study of methods.
  2. (noun) A system or theory of how research proceeds, including considerations for ethics, methods, participants, and researchers.

Methodology Pronunciation

Pronunciation Usage Guide


Audio Pronunciation

– American English
– British English

Phonetic Spelling

  • American English – /meth-uh-dAHl-uh-jee/
  • British English – /me-thuh-dOl-uh-jee/

International Phonetic Alphabet

  • American English – /ˌmɛθəˈdɑlədʒi/
  • British English – /ˌmɛθəˈdɒlədʒi/

Usage Notes

  • Plural: methodologies
  • Not to be confused with methods.
  • Also called methodological analysis.
  • An (noun) methodologist uses (adjective) methodologic or (adjective) methodologistic or (adjective) methodological ideas (adverb) methodologically.

Related Quotation

  • “The first and fundamental rule is to consider social facts as things” (Durkheim [1895] 2004:50).

Related Videos

Additional Information

Related Terms


Durkheim, Émile. [1895] 2004. “The Rules of Sociological Method.” Pp. 43–63 in Readings from Emile Durkheim. Rev. ed., edited and translated by K. Thompson. New York: Routledge.

Works Consulted

Agger, Ben. 2004. The Virtual Self: A Contemporary Sociology. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 5th ed. 2011. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Marsh, Ian, and Mike Keating, eds. 2006. Sociology: Making Sense of Society. 3rd ed. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).

O’Leary, Zina. 2007. The Social Science Jargon Buster: The Key Terms You Need to Know. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).

Thompson, William E., and Joseph V. Hickey. 2012. Society in Focus: An Introduction to Sociology. 7th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).

Cite the Definition of Methodology

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “methodology.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved July 14, 2024 (https://sociologydictionary.org/methodology/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

methodology. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/methodology/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “methodology.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed July 14, 2024. https://sociologydictionary.org/methodology/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“methodology.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 14 Jul. 2024. <https://sociologydictionary.org/methodology/>.