2. (noun) A group or family where the mother or oldest female is the head of the family with descent typically traced through the female line.
Audio Pronunciation: (ma·tri·ar·chy)
Download Audio Pronunciation: matriarchy.mp3
- Plural: matriarchies
- The existence of a true matriarchal society is often debated in the social sciences.
- In contrast to a matriarchy, a patriarchy is a society or group in which men dominate women and have the power and authority.
- Also called matriarchate.
- Derived terms sentence: A (noun) matriarch or (noun) matriarchist (adverb) matriarchally heads a (adjective) matriarchic or (adjective) matriarchal society.
- Matriarchy used in a sentence: My mother grew up in a matriarchy led by her mother.
- Family and Kinship Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “matriarchy” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.
Andersen, Margaret L., and Howard Francis Taylor. 2011. Sociology: The Essentials. 6th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Bruce, Steve, and Steven Yearley. 2006. The SAGE Dictionary of Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Collins English Dictionary: Complete and Unabridged. 6th ed. 2003. Glasgow, Scotland: Collins.
Farlex. (N.d.) TheFreeDictionary.com: Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus. Farlex. (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/).
Ferrante, Joan. 2011. Sociology: A Global Perspective. 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Harper, Douglas. (N.d.) Online Etymology Dictionary. (http://www.etymonline.com/).
Henslin, James M. 2012. Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. 10th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Hoad, T. F., ed. 1996. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hughes, Michael, and Carolyn J. Kroehler. 2011. Sociology: The Core. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Janssen, Sarah, ed. 2015. The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2015. New York: World Almanac Books.
Jary, David, and Julia Jary. 2000. Collins Dictionary of Sociology. 3rd ed. Glasgow, Scotland: HarperCollins.
Kendall, Diane. 2011. Sociology in Our Times. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Macionis, John. 2012. Sociology. 14th ed. Boston: Pearson.
Macmillan. (N.d.) Macmillan Dictionary. (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/).
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Princeton University. 2010. WordNet. (https://wordnet.princeton.edu/).
Random House Webster’s College Dictionary. 1997. New York: Random House.
Schaefer, Richard. 2013. Sociology: A Brief Introduction. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Scott, John, and Gordon Marshall. 2005. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Shepard, Jon M. 2010. Sociology. 11th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Shepard, Jon M., and Robert W. Greene. 2003. Sociology and You. New York: Glencoe.
Thompson, William E., and Joseph V. Hickey. 2012. Society in Focus: An Introduction to Sociology. 7th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Tischler, Henry L. 2011. Introduction to Sociology. 10th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wiktionary, The Free Dictionary. Wikimedia Foundation. (http://en.wiktionary.org).
How to Cite the Definition of Matriarchy
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “matriarchy.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved May 19, 2019 (https://sociologydictionary.org/matriarchy/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
matriarchy. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/matriarchy/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “matriarchy.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed May 19, 2019. https://sociologydictionary.org/matriarchy/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“matriarchy.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 19 May. 2019. <https://sociologydictionary.org/matriarchy/>.