Definition of Macrosociology
(noun) Large-scale sociological analysis of long-term social processes such as institutions, structures, systems, and whole societies.
Example of Macrosociology
- Studying social revolutions, such as in Theda Skocpol’s (1947) States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia, and China (1979).
- Syllabification: ()
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /ˌmækroʊˌsoʊsiˈɑlədʒi/
- British English – /ˌmakrə(ʊ)səʊsɪˈɒlədʒi/
- Plural: macrosociologies
- Macrosociology is the “big picture” view of sociology which studies macrolevel phenomena.
- Macrosociology is compared and contrasted to microsociology. However, the distinction between macrosociology and microsociology is not well-established across the discipline of sociology and exists on a continuum. A theoretical attempt to combine aspects of macrosociology and microsociology is called a micro-macro theory.
- Macrosociology scholars include:
- Reinhard Bendix (1916–1991)
- Peter M. Blau (1918–2002)
- Karl Marx (1818–1883)
- Barrington Moore (1913–2005)
- Georg Simmel (1858–1918)
- Theda Skocpol (born 1947)
- Charles Tilly (1929–2008)
- Immanuel Wallerstein (born 1930)
- Max Weber (1864–1920)
- Variant spellings:
- macro sociology
- Also called:
- macro analysis
- macroview (macro-view)
- macrolevel (macro-level)
- macrolevel analysis (macro-level analysis)
- macrolevel orientation (macro-level orientation)
- A (noun) macrosociologist studies society from the (adjective) macrosociologic or (adjective) macrosociologistic or (adjective) macrosociological perspective to understand social interactions (adverb) macrosociologically.
- “[A] number of sociologists regard ethnomethodology as a frivolous approach to studying human behavior because it does not examine the impact of macrolevel social institutions—such as the economy and education—on people’s expectancies. Women’s studies scholars suggest that ethnomethodologists fail to do do what they claim to do: look at how social realities are created. Rather, they take ascribed statuses (such as race, class, gender, and age) as ‘given,’ not as socially created realities” (Kendall 2006:129).
- Elwell, Frank W. 2006. Macrosociology: Four Modern Theorists. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.
- Nolan, Patrick, and Gerhard Lenski. 2011. Human Societies: An Introduction to Macrosociology. 11th ed. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.
- Olsen, Marvin Elliott. 1991. Societal Dynamics: Exploring Macrosociology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
- Sanderson, Stephen K. 1999. Macrosociology: An Introduction to Human Societies. 4th ed. New York: Longman.
Kendall, Diana. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.
Brinkerhoff, David, Lynn White, Suzanne Ortega, and Rose Weitz. 2011. Essentials of Sociology. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Bruce, Steve, and Steven Yearley. 2006. The SAGE Dictionary of Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Jary, David, and Julia Jary. 2000. Collins Dictionary of Sociology. 3rd ed. Glasgow, Scotland: HarperCollins.
Merriam-Webster. (N.d.) Merriam-Webster Dictionary. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/).
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Ravelli, Bruce, and Michelle Webber. 2016. Exploring Sociology: A Canadian Perspective. 3rd ed. Toronto: Pearson.
Scott, John, and Gordon Marshall. 2005. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Turner, Bryan S., ed. 2006. The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
Cite the Definition of Macrosociology
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “macrosociology.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved March 25, 2023 (https://sociologydictionary.org/macrosociology/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
macrosociology. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/macrosociology/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “macrosociology.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed March 25, 2023. https://sociologydictionary.org/macrosociology/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“macrosociology.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 25 Mar. 2023. <https://sociologydictionary.org/macrosociology/>.