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institutional discrimination

Definition of Institutional Discrimination

(noun) Discriminatory policies and practices favorable to a dominant group and unfavorable to another group that are systematically embedded in the existing structure of society in the form of norms.

Examples of Institutional Discrimination

Institutional Discrimination Pronunciation

Pronunciation Usage Guide

Syllabification: in·sti·tu·tion·al dis·crim·i·na·tion

Audio Pronunciation

– American English
– British English

Phonetic Spelling

  • American English – /in-stuh-tOO-shuhn-l di-skrim-uh-nAY-shuhn/
  • British English – /in-sti-tyOO-shuh-nuhl dis-krim-i-nAY-shuhn/

International Phonetic Alphabet

  • American English – /ˌɪnstɪˈtuʃənəl dɪˌskrɪməˈneɪʃən/
  • British English – /ˌɪnstɪˈtjuːʃən(ə)l dɪsˌkrɪmɪˈneɪʃən/

Usage Notes

  • Plural: institutional discriminations
  • Institutional discrimination is not always intentional. An example of unintentional institutional discrimination is school funding based on property taxes. More affluent areas will have higher property taxes and thus more funding is funneled to local schools and those students receive an unequal advantage compared to students in other areas. However, an argument can be made this is institutional discrimination as the State did not take steps to mitigate the issue.
  • Institutional discrimination is contrasted to individual discrimination.
  • Types:
    • institutional racism
    • institutional sexism

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Kendall, Diana. 2011. Sociology in Our Times. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

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Cite the Definition of Institutional Discrimination

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “institutional-discrimination.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved April 22, 2024 (https://sociologydictionary.org/institutional-discrimination/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

institutional-discrimination. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/institutional-discrimination/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “institutional-discrimination.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed April 22, 2024. https://sociologydictionary.org/institutional-discrimination/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

“institutional-discrimination.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2024. <https://sociologydictionary.org/institutional-discrimination/>.