Definition of Inferential Statistics
Example of Inferential Statistics
- Determining the percentage of students at a university that like vanilla ice cream by sampling several classes in multiple departments.
Inferential Statistics Pronunciation
Syllabification: in·fer·en·tial sta·tis·tics
- American English – /in-fuhr-rEn-shuhl stuh-tIs-tiks/
- British English – /in-fuh-rEn-shuhl stuh-tIs-tiks/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English: /ˌɪnfɚˈɹɛnʃəl stəˈtɪstɪks/
- British English: /ˌɪnfəˈɹenʃ(ə)l stəˈtɪstɪks/
- Inferential statistics uses probability to determine the level of confidence in conclusions drawn from data and called an inference.
- In contrast to inferential statistics, descriptive statistics summarize a sample and inferential statistics uses the sample to make extrapolations about the larger population the sample represents.
- Also called:
- inductive statistics
- statistical inference
- Quantitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “inferential” and “statistics” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- dependent variable
- empirical evidence
- experimental group
- independent variable
- random sample
- spurious correlation
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “inferential statistics.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved July 31, 2021 (https://sociologydictionary.org/inferential-statistics/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
inferential statistics. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/inferential-statistics/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “inferential statistics.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed July 31, 2021. https://sociologydictionary.org/inferential-statistics/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“inferential statistics.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 31 Jul. 2021. <https://sociologydictionary.org/inferential-statistics/>.