(noun) The branch of statistics that makes generalizations about a population using data from a sample.
Example: Determining the percentage of students at a university that like vanilla ice cream by sampling several classes in multiple departments.
Audio Pronunciation: (in·fer·en·tial sta·tis·tics)
Download Audio Pronunciation: inferential statistics.mp3
- Inferential statistics use probability to determine the level of confidence in conclusions drawn from data and called an inference.
- Inferential statistics differ from descriptive statistics in that descriptive statistics summarizes a sample and inferential statistics uses the sample to make extrapolations about the larger population the sample represents.
- Also called:
- inductive statistics
- statistical inference
- Quantitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “inferential” and “statistics” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com