Definition of In-group
(noun) Any group or category to which an individual belongs and membership in the group fosters deep loyality and a sense of identity.
Example of In-group
- In a game of football, the home team including their fans (as opposed to the visiting team and their fans, who are the out-group).
Syllabification: in group
- American English – /In-groop/
- British English – /In-groop/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /ɪn-grup/
- British English – /ɪn-gruːp/
- Plural: in-groups
- An in-group is the “us” in “us versus them”.
- In-group is the opposite of out-group. One’s person’s ingroup is another person’s outgroup.
- Variant spellings:
- in group
- “Empirical evidence suggests that a predisposition to favor in-groups can be easily triggered by even arbitrary group distinctions and that preferential cooperation within groups occurs even when it is individually costly” (Hammond and Axelrod 2006:926).
- “Ethnocentrism is a nearly universal syndrome of attitudes and behaviors, typically including in-group favoritism” (Hammond and Axelrod 2006:926).
- Word origin of “in-” and “group” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
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Hammond, Ross A., and Robert Axelrod. 2006. “The Evolution of Ethnocentrism.” The Journal of Conflict Resolution: a Quarterly for Research Related to War and Peace 50(6):926–36. doi:10.1177/0022002706293470.
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Cite the Definition of In-group
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “in-group.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved June 5, 2023 (https://sociologydictionary.org/in-group/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
in-group. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/in-group/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “in-group.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed June 5, 2023. https://sociologydictionary.org/in-group/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“in-group.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 5 Jun. 2023. <https://sociologydictionary.org/in-group/>.