gross national income (GNI)

(noun) “[T]he income of a nation calculated based on goods and services produced, plus income earned by citizens and corporations headquartered in that country” (OpenStax College 2012).

Audio Pronunciation: (gross na·tion·al in·come)

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Usage Notes:

  • Plural: gross national incomes
  • Abbreviation: GNI

Related Terms: 



OpenStax College. 2012. Global Stratification and Classification. Connexions, May 14, 2012. (