## Definition of Constant

(*noun*) A characteristic or value that does not change across an observation.

## Example of Constant

- Students are given 10 minutes to take the same test, the time limit is the constant, their performance is the variable.

## Constant Pronunciation

- IPA Pronunciation
- American English
- /ˈkɒnstənt/

- British English
- /ˈkɒnstənt/

- American English
- Syllabification: (con·stant)

### Usage Notes

- Plural:
**constants** - Constant is the opposite of variable.

### Additional Information

- Qualitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Quantitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “constant” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com

- attribute
- cohort
- control group
- correlation
- data
- dependent variable
- negative correlation
- positive correlation
- random sample
- statistical analysis
- statistics

**Contributor:** C. E. Seaman

#### Works Consulted

Babbie, Earl. 2013. *The Practice of Social Research*. 13th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Bryman, Alan. 2012. *Social Research Methods*. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Burdess, Neil. 2010. *Starting Statistics: A Short, Clear Guide*. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Cramer, Duncan, and Dennis Howitt. 2004. *The SAGE Dictionary of Statistics: A Practical Resource for Students in the Social Sciences*. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Farlex. (N.d.) *TheFreeDictionary.com: Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus*. Farlex. (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/).

Fioramonti, Lorenzo. 2014. *How Numbers Rule the World: The Use and Abuse of Statistics in Global Politics*. London: Zed Books.

Larson, Ron, and Elizabeth Farber. 2015. *Elementary Statistics: Picturing the World*. 6th ed. Boston: Pearson.

Oxford University Press. (N.d.)* Oxford Dictionaries*. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).

Salkind, Neil J., ed. 2007. *Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics*. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Weinstein, Jay A. 2010. *Applying Social Statistics: An Introduction to Quantitative Reasoning in Sociology*. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.)* Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia*. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).

Wiley. (N.d.) *Wiley Online Library*. (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/).

#### Cite the Definition of Constant

ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)

Seaman, C. E. 2014. “constant.” In *Open Education Sociology Dictionary*, edited by Kenton Bell. Retrieved September 17, 2019 (https://sociologydictionary.org/constant/).

APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)

Seaman, C. E. (2014). constant. In K. Bell (Ed.), *Open education sociology dictionary*. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/constant/

Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)

Seaman, C. E. 2014. “constant.” In* Open Education Sociology Dictionary*, edited by Kenton Bell. Accessed September 17, 2019. https://sociologydictionary.org/constant/.

MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)

Seaman, C. E. “constant.” *Open Education Sociology Dictionary*. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 17 Sep. 2019. <https://sociologydictionary.org/constant/>.