Definition of Association
- American English – /uh-soh-see-AY-shuhn/
- British English – /uh-soh-si-AY-shuhn/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /əˌsoʊsiˈeɪʃən/
- British English – /əˈsəʊʃɪeɪʃən/
- Plural: associations
- In statistical analysis, when no association is found between two or more variables, they are statistically independent.
- Quantitative Research Resources – Books, Journals, and Helpful Links
- Word origin of “association” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
Brym, Robert J., and John Lie. 2007. Sociology: Your Compass for a New World. 3rd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Oxford University Press. (N.d.) Oxford Dictionaries. (https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/).
Oxford Reference. (N.d.) Oxford Reference. Taylor & Francis. New York: Oxford University Press.
Tischler, Henry L. 2011. Introduction to Sociology. 10th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Wikipedia contributors. (N.d.) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation. (https://en.wikipedia.org/).
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “association.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved September 29, 2023 (https://sociologydictionary.org/association/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
association. (2013). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/association/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2013. “association.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed September 29, 2023. https://sociologydictionary.org/association/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“association.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2013. Web. 29 Sep. 2023. <https://sociologydictionary.org/association/>.