Definitions of Acculturation
(noun) The process and resulting changes that occur when two or more cultures come into contact.
Examples of Acculturation
- Native Americans replacing or modifying certain societal or cultural elements such as dress, language, or religion upon contact with Europeans.
- The loss of some Native American customs and languages due to the influence of Europeans.
- American English – /uh-kuhl-chuhr-rAY-shuhn/
- British English – /uh-kuhl-chuh-rAY-shuhn/
International Phonetic Alphabet
- American English – /əˌkəltʃəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/
- British English – /əˌkʌltʃᵿˈreɪʃn/
- Plural: acculturations
- When an individual or group maintain the primary aspects of their identity while integrating aspects of another culture, they develop cultural pluralism. For example, when immigrants learn the language of their new home.
- In contrast to acculturation, enculturation is the process of an individual or group learning and adapting to the norms and values of a culture or society in which they are immersed (e.g., learning a new language or clothing style).
- Some sources list acculturation, enculturation, and socialization as synonyms, while these terms are similar and easily confused, they are not synonyms in an academic context.
- Acculturation is the process by which a culture or (noun) acculturator (verb) acculturates an individual (adverb) acculturatively through an (adjective) acculturational or (adjective) acculturative process to become (adjective) acculturated.
- “The kind of person we become depends greatly on what we learn during our formative years from our surrounding social groups and social environment” (Kendall 2006:105).
- Word origin of “acculturation” – Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- Blum-Kulka, Shoshana. 1997. Dinner Talk: Cultural Patterns of Sociability and Socialization in Family Discourse. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
- Chari, Sharad, and Stuart Corbridge, eds. 2008. The Development Reader. London: Routledge.
- Cherry, Andrew L. 1994. The Socializing Instincts: Individual, Family, and Social Bonds. Westport, CT: Praeger.
- Chun, Kevin M., Pamela Balls Organista, and Gerardo Marín, eds. 2003. Acculturation: Advances in Theory, Measurement, and Applied Research. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
- Maynard, Ashley E., and Mary I. Martini, eds. 2005. Learning in Cultural Context: Family, Peers, and School. New York: Springer.
- Morawska, Ewa T. 2009. A Sociology of Immigration: (Re)making Multifaceted America. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Ponterotto, Joseph G., J. Manuel Casas, Lisa A. Suzuki, and Charlene M. Alexander, eds. 2010. Handbook of Multicultural Counseling. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
- Rogoff, Barbara. 2003. The Cultural Nature of Human Development. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Sam, David L. 2006. The Cambridge Handbook of Acculturation Psychology. Cambridge: University Press.
- Sussman, Nan M. 2002. “Testing the Cultural Identity Model of the Cultural Transition Cycle: Sojourners Return Home.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations 26(4):391–408. doi:10.1016/s0147-1767(02)00013-5.
- Tadmor, Carmit, Philip Tetlock, and Kaiping Peng. 2009. “Acculturation Strategies and Integrative Complexity.” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 40(1):105–39. doi:10.1177/0022022108326279.
- Verkuyten, Maykel. 2007. “Social Psychology and Multiculturalism.” Social and Personality Psychology Compass 1(1):280–97. doi:10.1111/j.1751-9004.2007.00011.x.
- Ward, Colleen, and Antony Kennedy. 1994. “Acculturation Strategies, Psychological Adjustment, and Sociocultural Competence during Cross-cultural Transitions.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations 18:329–43. doi:10.1016/0147-1767(94)90036-1.
- cultural contact
- social acceptance
Kendall, Diana. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Abercrombie, Nicolas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.
Bruce, Steve, and Steven Yearley. 2006. The SAGE Dictionary of Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Collins. 2003. Collins English Dictionary: Complete and Unabridged. 6th ed. 2003. Glasgow, Scotland: Collins.
Ember, Carol R., and Melvin Ember, eds. 2003. Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Men and Women in the World’s Cultures. New York: Springer.
Farlex. (N.d.) TheFreeDictionary.com: Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus. Farlex. (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/).
Kornblum, William. 2008. Sociology in a Changing World. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “acculturation.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved April 17, 2021 (https://sociologydictionary.org/acculturation/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
acculturation. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from https://sociologydictionary.org/acculturation/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “acculturation.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed April 17, 2021. https://sociologydictionary.org/acculturation/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“acculturation.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 17 Apr. 2021. <https://sociologydictionary.org/acculturation/>.