1. (noun) The process of change that occurs when two or more cultures come into contact.
Audio Pronunciation: (ac·cul·tur·a·tion)
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- Plural: acculturations
- When an individual or group maintain aspects of their identity while integrating aspects of another culture they develop cultural pluralism such as when immigrants learn the language of their new home.
- Amalgamation (also called hybridization) is when two cultures merge into a new culture but maintain aspects of both and developed new synthesized aspects such Mexico which is the confluence of Native American and Spanish cultures.
- In contrast to acculturation, enculturation is the process of an individual or group learning and adapting to the norms and values of a culture (or subculture) in which they are immersed (e.g. learning a new language or clothing style).
- Some sources list acculturation, enculturation, and socialization as synonyms, while these terms are similar and easily confused, they are not synonyms in an academic context.
- Also called assimilation.
- Acculturation used in a sentence: Native Americans experiences acculturation after contact with Europeans.
- Acculturation is the process by which a culture or (noun) acculturator (verb) acculturates an individual (adverb) acculturatively through an (adjective) acculturational or (adjective) acculturative process to become (adjective) acculturated.
- “The kind of person we become depends greatly on what we learn during our formative years from our surrounding social groups and social environment” (Kendall 2006:105).
- Blum-Kulka, Shoshana. 1997. Dinner Talk: Cultural Patterns of Sociability and Socialization in Family Discourse. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
- Chari, Sharad, and Stuart Corbridge. 2008. The Development Reader. London: Routledge.
- Cherry, Andrew L. 1994. The Socializing Instincts: Individual, Family, and Social Bonds. Westport, CT: Praeger.
- Chun, Kevin M., Pamela Balls Organista, and Gerardo Marín. 2003. Acculturation: Advances in Theory, Measurement, and Applied Research. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
- DuRocher, Kristina. 2011. Raising Racists: The Socialization of White Children in the Jim Crow South. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky.
- Flanagan, Cara. 1999. Early Socialisation: Sociability and Attachment. London: Routledge.
- Grusec, Joan E., and Paul D. Hastings. 2008. Handbook of Socialization: Theory and Research. New York: Guilford.
- Jackson, David J. 2009. Entertainment & Politics: The Influence of Pop Culture on Young Adult Political Socialization. 2nd ed. New York: Peter Lang.
- Luczak C., and Younkin N. 2012. “Net Generation: A Conceptual Framework of the Consumer Socialization Process.” Academy of Marketing Studies Journal. 16 (2): 47-52.
- Maynard, Ashley E. 2005. Learning in Cultural Context: Family, Peers, and School. New York: Springer.
- Morawska, Ewa T. 2009. A Sociology of Immigration: (Re)making Multifaceted America. Basingstoke, United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Ponterotto, Joseph G. 2010. Handbook of Multicultural Counseling. Los Angeles: SAGE.
- Rogoff, Barbara. 2003. The Cultural Nature of Human Development. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
- Sam, David L. 2006. The Cambridge Handbook of Acculturation Psychology. Cambridge, United Kingdom: University Press.
- Sussman, Nan M. 2002. “Testing the cultural identity model of the cultural transition cycle: sojourners return home.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 26 (4): 391-408.
- Tadmor, Carmit, Philip Tetlock, and Kaiping Peng. 2009. “Acculturation Strategies and Integrative Complexity.” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 40 (1): 105-139.
- Verkuyten, Maykel. 2007. “Social Psychology and Multiculturalism.” Social and Personality Psychology Compass. 1 (1): 280-297.
- Ward, Colleen, and Antony Kennedy. 1994. “Acculturation Strategies, Psychological Adjustment, and Sociocultural Competence during Cross-cultural Transitions.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 18: 329-343.
- Yawkey, Thomas D., and James E. Johnson. 1988. Integrative Processes and Socialization: Early to Middle Childhood. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum Associates.
- Word Origin of Acculturation: Online Etymology Dictionary: etymonline.com
- cultural contact
- social acceptance
Kendall, Diane. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.
Abercrombie, Nicolas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan Turner. 2006. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. 5th ed. London: Penguin.
Bruce, Steve, and Steven Yearley. 2006. The SAGE Dictionary of Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Collins. 2003. Collins English Dictionary: Complete and Unabridged. 6th ed. 2003. Glasgow, Scotland: Collins.
Ember, Carol R., and Melvin Ember, eds. 2003. Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Men and Women in the World’s Cultures. New York: Springer.
Farlex. (N.d.) TheFreeDictionary.com: Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus. Farlex. (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/).
Kornblum, William. 2008. Sociology in a Changing World. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
How to Cite the Definition of Acculturation
ASA – American Sociological Association (5th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “acculturation.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Retrieved January 21, 2019 (http://sociologydictionary.org/acculturation/).
APA – American Psychological Association (6th edition)
acculturation. (2014). In K. Bell (Ed.), Open education sociology dictionary. Retrieved from http://sociologydictionary.org/acculturation/
Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date – Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition)
Bell, Kenton, ed. 2014. “acculturation.” In Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Accessed January 21, 2019. http://sociologydictionary.org/acculturation/.
MLA – Modern Language Association (7th edition)
“acculturation.” Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Ed. Kenton Bell. 2014. Web. 21 Jan. 2019. <http://sociologydictionary.org/acculturation/>.