(noun) The large-scale and comprehensive process of renovating or replacing housing and public works (e.g., parks, public buildings, roads, etc.) considered substandard or outdated.
Example: A large metropolitan city decides to renovate and replace dilapidated and underutilized wharfs on their coastline to build parks and office buildings.
Audio Pronunciation: (ur·ban re·ne·wal)
Download Audio Pronunciation: urban renewal.mp3
- Plural: urban renewals
- Urban renewal programs often disproportionately impact the elderly, racial minorities, and the poor. Residents in urban renewal areas are often forcibly relocated or cannot afford to live in the newly renovated areas (because of higher taxes or rent) and are thus displaced and replaced by wealthier individuals in a process called gentrification.
- Also called:
- urban redevelopment
- urban regeneration
- urban revitalization
- Bellush, Jewel. 1967. Urban Renewal: People, Politics, and Planning: A Reader on the Political Controversies and Sociological Realities of Revitalizing the American City. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
Corburn, Jason. 2009. Toward the Healthy City People, Places, and the Politics of Urban Planning. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.
- Katz, M. B. 2001. The Price of Citizenship: Redefining American Welfare State. New York: Metropolitan Books.
- Lang, Robert E., and Rebecca R. Sohmer. 2000. “Legacy of the Housing Act of 1949: The Past, Present, and Future of Federal Housing and Urban Policy.” Housing Policy Debate 11(2):291–98.