1. (noun) The application of knowledge, techniques, and tools to adapt and control physical environments and material resources to satisfy wants and needs.
2. (noun) The accumulated technologies of a culture or society.
Example: How to build a fire, make steel, or plant crops.
Audio Pronunciation: (tech·no·logy)
Download Audio Pronunciation: technology.mp3
- Plural: technologies
- A (noun) technologist is skilled in (adjective) technological applications.
- Bijker, Wiebe E., Thomas Parke Hughes, and T. J. Pinch. 1987. The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Blauner, Bob. 1964. Alienation and Freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Braverman, Harry. 1974. Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the 20th Century. New York: Monthly Review Press.
- Feenberg, Andrew, and Andrew Feenberg. 2002. Transforming Technology: A Critical Theory Revisited. 2nd. ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Grint, Keith, and Steve Woolgar. 1997. The Machine at Work: Technology, Work and Organization. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Polity Press.
- MacKenzie, Donald, and Judy Wajcman. 1999. The Social Shaping of Technology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Open University Press.
- McClellan, James Edward, and Harold Dorn. 2006. Science and Technology in World History: An Introduction. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Murphie, Andrew. 2001. Culture and Technology. London: Palgrave.
- Slack, Jennifer Daryl, and J. Macgregor Wise. 2005. Culture + Technology: A Primer. New York: Peter Lang.
- Rose, Michael. 1988. Industrial Behaviour: Research and Control. London: Penguin.
- MIT – Technology Review: technologyreview.co
- Technology Timeline: pbs.org