(noun) Something that if present guarantees an effect can occur.
- Having ice cream means it is possible to eat ice cream.
- The availability of oxygen means human life is possible.
Audio Pronunciation: (su·ffi·cient con·di·tion)
Download Audio Pronunciation: sufficient condition.mp3
- Plural: sufficient conditions
- Sufficient condition is related to necessary condition, which is something that must happen for an effect to occur.
- Sufficient conditions are not always necessary. For example, a person with ice cream can eat a bowl of ice cream if they have ice cream, but you can still eat ice cream without a bowl. Additionally, to eat a bowl of soup, it not necessary or sufficient to have ice cream. Finally, it is both necessary and sufficient to have both a bowl and ice cream to eat a bowl of ice cream.
- Also called:
- sufficient cause
- Necessary and Sufficient Conditions – Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: stanford.edu
- Necessary and Sufficient Conditions – Jon Young, Fayetteville State University: uncfsu
- Necessary Conditions and Sufficient Conditions – Norman Swartz, Simon Fraser University: sfu.ca
- Understanding Causality: Necessary and Sufficient – Elizabeth Boskey, About Health: about.com