Example: applied sociology
Audio Pronunciation: (so·ci·ol·o·gy)
Download Audio Pronunciation: sociology.mp3
- Plural: sociologies
- Coined by Isidore Auguste Marie François Xavier Comte known better as Auguste Comte (1798–1857) in 1834, though he originally called it social physics. Comte also established sociology as a systematic field of study.
- The point of view used in sociology is called the sociological perspective and is described by Peter Berger (1929) in Invitation to Sociology: A Humanistic Perspective (1963) as “seeing the general in the particular.”
- A (noun) sociologist studies society from the (adjective) sociologic or (adjective) sociologistic or (adjective) sociological perspective to understand social interactions (adverb) sociologically.
- “Sociology, through its emphasis on observation and measurement, allows us to bring rigorous and systematic scientific thinking and information to bear on difficult questions associated with social policies and choices, including those related to poverty, health, immigration, crime, and education. Many people interested in these issues do not realize that more than concern is need to solve problems. Action must be informed by knowledge” (Hughes and Kroehler 2008:3).
- “We study sociology to understand how human behavior is shaped by group life and, in turn, how group life is affected by individuals. Our culture tends to emphasize individualism, and sociology pushes us to consider more complex connection between out personal lives and the larger world” (Kendall 2006:37).
- Bottomore, Thomas Burton, and Robert Nisbet. 1978. A History of Sociological Analysis. New York: Basic Books.
- Coser, Lewis A. 1971. Masters of Sociological Thought: Ideas in Historical and Social Context. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
- Giddens, Anthony. 1971. Capitalism and Modern Social Theory: An Analysis of the Writings of Marx, Durkheim, and Max Weber. Cambridge, United Kingdom: The University Press.
- Madge, John Hylton. 1962. The Origins of Scientific Sociology. New York: The Free Press.
- Nisbet, Robert A. 1967. The Sociological Tradition. London: Heinemann.
- Parsons, Talcott. 1951. The Social System. New York: The Free Press.
- Schaefer, Richard T. 2009. Sociology: A Brief Introduction. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Weber, Max. 1905. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.
- Willis, Evan. 1996. The Sociological Quest: An Introduction to the Study of Social Life. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
- Durkheim, Émile
- Marx, Karl
- Weber, Max
Hughes, Michael, and Carolyn J. Kroehler. 2008. Sociology: The Core. 8th ed. Boston: McGraw Hill.
Kendall, Diane. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.