Example: Children are socialized by their parents who teach them acceptable behaviors in certain social situations such as not talking in movies and respecting their elders.
Audio Pronunciation: (so·cial·i·za·tion)
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- Plural: socializations
- Socialization typically relates to children, but socialization is continual as an individual or group adapts to other individuals or groups, roles, and situations.
- Socialization can be intentional (anticipatory socialization) or unintentional and formal or informal.
- Agents of socialization include family, mass media, peer groups, and schools.
- Socialization is similar to enculturalization. The distinction between the two is socialization is learning societal norms, and enculturalization is learning cultural norms; however, neither process occurs independent of the other. Socialization typically refers to children and is formal or deliberate, enculturalization typically refers to “people” in general and is informal.
- Some sources list acculturation, enculturation, and socialization as synonyms, while these terms are similar and easily confused, they are not synonyms in an academic context.
- Variant form: socialisation
- People (verb) socialize themselves and others by (verb) socializing with other (noun) socializers in order to become (noun) socialized.
- Socialization used in a sentence: Children begin the process of socialization the day they are born.
- “The kind of person we become depends greatly on what we learn during our formative years from our surrounding social groups and social environment” (Kendall 2006:105).
- Blum-Kulka, Shoshana. 1997. Dinner Talk: Cultural Patterns of Sociability and Socialization in Family Discourse. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
- Chari, Sharad, and Stuart Corbridge. 2008. The Development Reader. London: Routledge.
- Cherry, Andrew L. 1994. The Socializing Instincts: Individual, Family, and Social Bonds. Westport, CT: Praeger.
- DuRocher, Kristina. 2011. Raising Racists: The Socialization of White Children in the Jim Crow South. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky.
- Flanagan, Cara. 1999. Early Socialisation: Sociability and Attachment. London: Routledge.
- Grusec, Joan E., and Paul D. Hastings. 2008. Handbook of Socialization: Theory and Research. New York: Guilford.
- Jackson, David J. 2009. Entertainment & Politics: The Influence of Pop Culture on Young Adult Political Socialization. 2nd ed. New York: Peter Lang.
- Maynard, Ashley E. 2005. Learning in Cultural Context: Family, Peers, and School. New York: Springer.
- Rogoff, Barbara. 2003. The Cultural Nature of Human Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Yawkey, Thomas D., and James E. Johnson. 1988. Integrative Processes and Socialization: Early to Middle Childhood. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum Associates.
- cultural contact
- social acceptance
Kendall, Diane. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.