(noun) “A classification system used to categorize humans into large and distinct populations or groups by anatomical, cultural, ethnic, genetic, geographical, historical, linguistic, religious, or social affiliation” (Wikipedia).
Audio Pronunciation: (race)
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- Plural: races
- “‘Race’ was a form of social identification and stratification that was seemingly grounded in the physical differences of populations interacting with one another in the New World, but whose real meaning rested in social and political realities” (Smedley 1998:694).
- “Today scholars are beginning to realize that ‘race’ is nothing more and nothing less than a social invention. It has nothing to do with the intrinsic, or potential, qualities of the physically differing populations, but much to do with the allocation of power, privilege, and wealth among them” (Smedley 1998:698-699).
- Allen, Theodore. 1994. The Invention of the White Race. London: Verso.
- Conrad, Earl. 1969. The Invention of the Negro. New York: P. S. Eriksson.
- Davis, David Brion. 1966. The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
- Marks, Jonathan. 1995. Human Biodiversity: Genes, Race, and History. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
- Nash, Gary B. 2010. Red, White, and Black: The Peoples of Early North America. Boston: Prentice Hall.
- Snowden, Frank M. 1983. Before Color Prejudice: The Ancient View of Blacks. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Smedley, Audrey. 1998. ““Race” and the Construction of Human Identity.” American Anthropologist. 100(3): 690-702.
Wikipedia. n.d. s.v. “race” Retrieved April 1, 2013 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Race_(human_classification).