induction

1. (noun) A form of logical reasoning that derives general conclusions from a set of specific facts.

2. (noun) A research method that uses data such as observations to create generalizations.

3. (noun) Moving from the particular to the general.

Example:

  1. All dogs you have met wag their tail, therefore, all dogs must wag their tail.
  2. Every time you start to watch a movie your phone rings, therefore, you watching a movie makes people call you.

Audio Pronunciation: (in·duc·tion)

Download Audio Pronunciation: induction.mp3

Usage Notes:

  • Plural: inductions
  • Deduction is the opposite of induction.
  • The more confirming evidence collected through experiments or observations increases the probability that a theory is true, however it does not guarantee that the conclusion is true because there is always a possibility of unfound disconfirming evidence existing.
  • Induction does not explain why a phenomenon exists only that it does exist.
  • Induction is typically used in qualitative research such as ethnography or life history.
  • The inductive model refers to the process of induction used as research method.
  • Also called:
    • inductive logic
    • inductive reasoning
  • An (noun) inductionist (verb) induces (adjective) inductive or (adjective) inductional generalization (adverb) inductionally.

Related Terms: 

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