(noun) The systematic and widespread extermination of a cultural, ethnic, political, racial, or religious group.
Audio Pronunciation: (gen·o·cide)
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- Plural: genocides
- Coined by Raphael Lemkin (1900–1959) and first used in Axis Rule in Occupied Europe: Laws of Occupation, Analysis of Government, Proposals for Redress (1944).
- Genocide was declared an international crime by the United Nations in the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide in 1948.
- Also called:
- race murder
- racial extermination
- Bloxham, Donald, and A. Dirk Moses. 2010. The Oxford Handbook of Genocide Studies. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
- Chalk, Frank Robert, and Kurt Jonassohn. 1990. The History and Sociology of Genocide: Analyses and Case Studies. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
- Jones, Adam. 2006. Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction. London: Routledge.
- Powell, Christopher John. 2011. Barbaric Civilization: A Critical Sociology of Genocide. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.