(noun) Norms that are established by an authority and that are punishable when broken.
Audio Pronunciation: (for·mal norm)
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- Plural: formal norms
- The terms formal norm and social norm are used interchangeably in a sociological context.
- “Laws are the most common type of formal norms; they have been codified and may be enforced by sanction” (Kendall 2006:55-56).
Kendall, Diane. 2006. Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.