(noun) The tendency of some people to value the health and well-being of others, often above their own self-interest.
Audio Pronunciation: (al·tru·ism)
Download Audio Pronunciation: altruism.mp3
- Plural: altruisms
- Coined by Auguste Comte (1798–1857) in 1830.
- Egocentrism is the opposite of altruism.
- Also called:
- An (noun) altruist exhibits altruism (adverb) altruistically in an (adjective) altruistic manner.
- Durkheim, Émile. 1897. Suicide.
- Full text available at the Internet Archive.
- Jeffries, Vincent, Barry V. Johnston, Lawrence T. Nichols, Samuel P. Oliner, Edward Tiryakian, and Jay Weinstein. 2006. “Altruism and Social Solidarity: Envisioning a Field of Specialization.” The American Sociologist. 37(3): 67-83.
- Montada, Leo, and Hans Werner Bierhoff. 1991. Altruism in Social systems. Toronto: Hogrefe & Huber.
- Piliavin, Jane Allyn, and Hong-Wen Charng. 1990. “Altruism: A Review of Recent Theory and Research.” Annual Review of Sociology. 16(1): 27-65.
- Silver, Morris. 1980. Affluence, Altruism, and Atrophy: The Decline of Welfare States. New York: New York University Press.