Example: An Olympic athlete may be born with natural ability or talent but must rise above others with the same gifts by hard work and dedication.
Audio Pronunciation: (a·chieve·ment mo·ti·va·tion)
Download Audio Pronunciation: achievement motivation.mp3
- Plural: achievement motivations
- The term was first used by Henry Murray (1893–1988) and later popularized by David McClelland (1917–1998) who developed the Achievement Motivation Theory.
- This term is sociologically problematic because it fails to account for disparate social and economic structures as determining factors in achievement.
- Also called:
- need achievement
- need for achievement
- n-achievement theory
- Heckhausen, Heinz. 1967. The Anatomy of Achievement Motivation. New York: Academic Press.
- Lemann, Nicholas. 1999. The Big Test: The Secret History of the American Meritocracy. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
- McClelland, David C., and Robert S. Steele. 1973. Human Motivation: A Book of Readings. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press.
- McClelland, David C. 1961. The Achieving Society. Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand.
- McClelland, David C. 1953. The Achievement Motive. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
- McNamee, Stephen J., and Robert K. Miller. 2013. The Meritocracy Myth. 3rd. ed. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
- Murray, Henry A. 1938. Explorations in Personality: A Clinical and Experimental Study of Fifty Men of College Age. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Wigfield, Allan, and Jacquelynne S. Eccles. 2002. Development of Achievement Motivation. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.